Heart Disease

Guide to Heart Attacks, Heart Disease Conditions & Prevention Tips

More than 610,000 people die of heart disease in the United States every year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is the leading cause of death for both men and women. A heart attack occurs when the arteries become narrow or are blocked for some reason. When blood flow is compromised, the lack of blood to the heart causes a heart attack. A lack of blood flow to the brain causes a stroke.

Heart disease is defined as a heart and blood vessel disease. You may experience a certain type of cardiovascular disease, such as a heart arrhythmia or heart valve problems if you are diagnosed with this disease.

“Chest Pains Are a Warning Sign of a Heart Attack”

Heart Disease Conditions

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease but there are several other cardiovascular conditions you need to be aware of. These include:

  • Heart arrhythmia (irregular heartbeats)
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Cardiomyopathy (disease of the heart muscle)
  • Heart valve problems
  • Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
  • High Blood Pressure (HBP)
  • High cholesterol
  • Venous Thromboembolism (VTE)
  • Pericarditis (inflammation of the membrane around the heart)

Heart Disease Prevention Tips

You may not be able to predict a heart attack but there are some things you can do to maintain a healthier heart and reduce your risk of heart disease. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is the first step towards strengthening your heart and helping you maintain a healthy weight. Carrying extra weight can put a lot of pressure on the heart and also affect your joints and bones. Losing weight with a healthy diet and exercising regularly can reduce your risk of cardiovascular  disease. 

Some other heart disease prevention tips include: 

  • Staying active even if you have a desk job
  • Exercising for at least 30 minutes a day
  • Eating less junk food and more wholesome foods
  • Quitting smoking
  • Reducing stress in healthy ways
  • Getting regular health screenings

“Eating a Heart-Healthy Diet Can Prevent Cardiovascular Disease”

Heart Disease Treatment Options

Your doctor will make a recommendation on whether you need surgery or need to take medications, such as antibiotics, ACE inhibitors, diuretics and beta-blockers, to relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of other problems. Certain conditions can be treated with surgery. Treatment options include: 

  • Heart Valve Surgery
  • Pacemaker
  • Coronary Angioplasty
  • Atherectomy
  • Bypass Surgery
  • Cardiomyoplasty
  • Heart Transplant
  • Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery
  • Radiofrequency Ablation
  • Stent Procedure
  • Transmyocardial Revascularization (TMR) 

Explore our library of content about heart disease and related conditions, including high cholesterol and high blood pressure so you can make informed decisions about your health.

Mayo Clinic - Disease and Conditions: Strategies to prevent heart disease
American Heart Association - What is Cardiovascular Disease?
CDC - Heart Disease Facts

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